It can take years of experience to develop good financial habits, but the benefits of being responsible with your spending are well worth any effort it takes to develop good practices.
SJ Scott from developgoodhabits.com writes when you have your finances under control, you can keep you and your family out of debt, you can maintain a strong credit score, and you can get the financing you need for large purchases such as a home or a car.
Develop good financial habits
When people run into financial problems, it is usually the result of several bad decisions that pile up to create ongoing issues. To protect your financial future, you need to be able to identify bad financial habits and understand the ways in which you can avoid making those types of mistakes on a regular basis. It is okay to make financial mistakes. What is not acceptable is allowing those mistakes to turn into ongoing bad habits.
Financial mistake #1. Overspending with credit
It is not a bad thing to have credit card accounts that you can use when you have emergency situations. But when you use those credit card accounts to develop spending habits that overwhelm your monthly income, then you are headed for trouble. If you notice that your monthly credit card payments are starting to become more than your monthly income, then you need to break this bad financial habit quickly.
The solution to this type of problem is to use credit in a responsible manner. Never purchase something on a credit card that will take longer than three months to pay off. If you are only making minimum payments on your credit cards each month, then you are heading down the road towards financial disaster. You need to understand your own finances and prevent yourself from making credit purchases that will create monthly payments that go on for years.
Another good approach is to create a savings account that you use specifically to make purchases that would normally make with a credit card. For example, if it is finally time to replace the television, then it is much better to save up to buy a new television with cash than to utilize credit.
Financial mistake #2. Neglecting a monthly budget
Many people find themselves over-extended with their monthly bills because they have no idea how much they really need to spend each month to pay bills and meet expenses. The best way to monitor your monthly spending is to utilize a budget. You will find that most people who do not use a monthly budget are also the same people drowning in debt.
A budget can be something as simple as listing all of your bills and expenses on a piece of paper each month and then scheduling payments based on your monthly paychecks. There are many computer programs available to help people create and maintain a successful monthly budget. Neglecting to use a monthly budget is a very bad financial habit to get into.
Having a successful budget is a common goal. The guidelines are vast, but what is certain about any effective and stress free budget is one where you have established great habits.
Financial mistake #3. Impulse buying
People sometimes joke with each other about impulse buys they make when they go shopping, but impulse buying is a horrible financial habit to get into. Impulse buying is the act of purchasing products that you want, but do not necessarily need. Most people do not track their impulse spending and the results can be hundreds of dollars being carelessly spent each month and only deepens the hole created by crippling debt.
To avoid impulse buying, you should plan each shopping trip and only buy what you need. If you need a little extra help in controlling your impulse spending, then only bring with you the cash you would need to make planned purchases and leave your credit cards, checkbook, and ATM card at home.
Are you having a tough time limiting spending and sticking to a budget? Here are a few very simple, yet highly effective questions to ask yourself before you buy something that will help you spend smarter, save money, and stick to your budget.
Financial mistake #4. Overspending on monthly expenses
Are you someone who stops off on the way to work and spends $6 on a coffee in the morning? It seems harmless enough, but it is actually a very bad spending habit. That $6 coffee represents $30 per week in added expenses, which becomes $1,560 per year in money lost. If you would just bring a coffee from home, you could save $1,560 per year and apply that money towards other bills.
It is easy to allow your expenses to get out of control, but it is just as easy to curb your spending and make sure that you are only buying the essentials. To help in curbing your expenses, you should track all of your spending for one month to determine what you buy, what you spend, and then decide what you really need. For example, you may see in your log that you are wasting money each week on that morning coffee and buying lunches at work. With real numbers from your expense tracking, you can determine just how much money you are wasting. It is easier to develop good financial habits when you see how much damage the bad habits are doing in writing.
Financial mistake #5. Missing monthly credit card payments
Do you have a habit of making your credit card payments late each month? You probably figure that as long as the credit card companies get their money before the end of the month, then there is no harm done. The truth is that you are doing several bad things to your finances when you do not make your credit card payments on time each month.
Every time you miss a credit card payment, the creditor adds a late fee to your payment and increases your interest rate. It is not uncommon for a late fee to run anywhere from $30 to $50 each month. That increased interest rate is also applied to the late fee, which causes you to lose even more money.Late credit card payments also damage your credit score. One of the easiest ways to destroy your credit is to make a habit out of paying your bills late. Luckily, one of the easiest ways to fix your credit is to get into the habit of paying your bills on time.
Financial mistake #6. Neglecting long-term planning
Are you planning on retiring someday? What have you done to prepare for those golden years when you will no longer be generating an income through your job? If you have a retirement plan through your job that you are enrolled in, are you sure it will give you the income you need to retire comfortably?
The bad financial habit people get into is treating retirement like an afterthought. People set up their retirement account and start making contributions to it without even knowing if it is going to be enough. Get into the good habit of talking about your retirement with a certified professional and make long-term plans that make sense.
Breaking those bad habits that are damaging your retirement savings now and creating great new ones could be the key to your chances of having enough money to retire comfortably. Here is a list of everyday habits that could destroy your retirement savings and what you can do about it.
Financial mistake #7. No contingency planning
During the course of a month, just about anything can happen that could suddenly put you in a financial bind. Many people get into credit trouble because they are unprepared for financial challenges and rely on their credit cards to get them out of trouble. These are the sorts of bad financial habits that put people deep into debt and cause years of financial headaches.
The simple solution here is to start a savings account that is specifically set aside for emergencies. This is different than the savings account we discussed earlier that is used to set aside money for larger purchases. That account is used in conjunction with careful planning and consideration for future needs. The contingency savings account is an account that is there to take care of problems without using your credit cards.
Financial mistake #8. Not planning for the future
Did you just get married this year? Congratulations! Have you made any financial plans to help take care of the needs of your family in the coming years? Many people make changes to their lives without any type of financial planning to go along with those changes. This is how people get overwhelmed with debt and find themselves in desperate situations.
A good example is the need to send your new child to college. When a child is born, a parent may not be thinking about the costs that will be associated with sending that child to college someday. But if that parent does not take advantage of the 17-year window they have between the birth of their child and the day that child goes off to college, then there will be financial issues after the child graduates high school.
The best way to plan for the future is to take advantage of the years you have to set aside as much money as possible. Start a college tuition fund for your child the day that child is born and make a small contribution to that fund every month. By the time your child is ready for college, you will have the money you need to get your child the best possible education.
Financial mistake #9. Redundant spending
Do you have a cellular phone and a landline home phone? Why? Do you pay for cable television channels and streaming movie services through your Internet provider? Why? Redundant spending is a matter of not making the right choices with the products and services you buy, which causes you to spend money that you do not need to spend.
Take a look at the services that you currently have and get rid of any service that is redundant. Before you purchase a product, think about whether or not you already have a product that can do the same tasks and save yourself the money.
Financial mistake #10. Neglecting product maintenance
If you invest in regular oil changes for your car, then you can decrease the amount of money you spend on gas and extend the useful life of your vehicle. If you get your furnace maintained by a certified professional once a year, then you will save money on your energy costs and extend the life of your furnace.
Simple product maintenance procedures can save you a lot of money on repair and replacement costs. For example, if you have a roofing expert inspect your roof each year, then the expert can recommend relatively inexpensive repairs that will protect your home and prevent a huge replacement bill.
Good spending habits can put more money in your pocket and make your life a lot easier. When you understand the steps you can take to keep your finances under control, then you can avoid debt and the stress that it creates.
One of the most commonly asked questions when trying to change behaviors, is "How long will it take?" In this series of articles we've looked at the research and have come up with some commonly-held myths, some research, and some ideas how to speed up the process.
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